Exporting to Ghana
With a long coastline, two major ports, and air routes to the United States and other parts of the world, Ghana is well-positioned as a regional entry and exit point on trade routes. Ghana is a growing lower-middle-income economy with a nominal GDP per capita of $1,459 and a population of 27 million people. There are many business opportunities for U.S. companies to address power, mining, and transportation infrastructure needs, and in the education and healthcare sectors.
The following steps will help you get started:
- Are You Starting a Business? If so, contact your local Small Business Development Center (SBDCs). Starting a business can be a challenge, but there is help for you in your area. SBDCs are public/private partnerships aimed at giving educational services to small business owners and aspiring entrepreneurs. Also review the Country Commercial Guide to learn more about exporting and doing business in Ghana.
- Connect with Local Export Specialists: Contact your local U.S. Export Assistance Center for advice and support on exporting to Ghana. For U.S. agriculture goods, contact the State Regional Trade Group (SRTG) that covers your area.
- Leverage Existing U.S. Government Resources: The Foreign Commercial Service provides customized solutions and services to assist U.S. firms interested in entering the Ghanaian market. Take advantage of the FCS’s Business Matchmaking Service.
The Foreign Agricultural Service links U.S. agriculture to the world to enhance export opportunities and global food security.
The U.S. Trade and Development Agency helps companies create U.S. jobs through the export of U.S. goods and services for priority development projects in emerging economies.
The United States Export-Import Bank enables U.S. companies—large and small—to turn export opportunities into real sales that help to create and maintain U.S. jobs and contribute to a stronger national economy.
- Utilize Local Ghanaian Resources: Contact in-country business support organizations such as the American Chamber of Commerce in Ghana for further assistance.
- Stay in Touch: Call the embassy to set up a meeting with our Economic or Commercial team to discuss any issues that arise.
Additional Information to Consider
Be sure to check the current State Department travel information for Ghana for up-to-date local conditions.
Commercial Fraud in West Africa:
Business scams are a common but easily detectable practice in West Africa. If you have any questions about the legitimacy of a business opportunity, individual, or organization, do not hesitate to contact the Embassy for assistance. Also review the Foreign Commercial Service page on fraudulent scams to learn more about this issue.
The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) is an important anti-corruption tool designed to discourage corrupt business practices in favor of free and fair competition for all. The FCPA prohibits promising, offering, giving or authorizing giving anything of value to a foreign government official where the purpose is to obtain or retain business. These prohibitions apply to U.S. persons, both individuals and companies, and companies that are listed on U.S. exchanges. The statute also requires companies publicly traded in the U.S. to keep accurate books and records and implement appropriate internal controls.
Requirements for Shipments and Customs Clearances:
Customs clearance of cargo through the seaports/airport involves dealing with a number of logistics service providers and governmental bodies. The agencies include Ghana Customs Excise and Preventive Service (CEPS), Ghana Ports and Harbors Authority (GPHA), shipping agents and destination inspection companies. Importers should appoint a licensed Customs House Agent/clearing agent with a credible reputation for the clearance of cargo at any freight station in Ghana.